Cervical cancer is cancer of the cervix, which is the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. It is most likely to occur in the late 50s to early thirties and is essential to screen for cervical cancer on a regular basis. In India, cervical cancer is the second most common cancer in women after breast cancer. The good part is it is treatable, but the sad part is most patients remain unaware of it until it has spread to other parts of the body and is difficult to control. If you experience early symptoms of cervical cancer, go for proper medical diagnosis and start early treatment. Read about the symptoms of cervical cancer and when is the right time to go for cervical cancer screening.
Causes of Cervical Cancer – Causes of Cervical Cancer
A virus called human papillomavirus, or H-P-V, causes cervical cancer. It is usually passed during sexual intercourse. There are many strains of HPV and not all cause cervical cancer. Some infections may not show any symptoms (cervical cancer symptoms in Hindi – cervical cancer ke lakshan) and the infection may gradually go away on its own. The ones that cause genital warts are the ones you should worry about.
Symptoms of Cervical Cancer – Cervical Cancer Symptoms in Hindi
According to an experienced oncologist, no symptoms are seen in the initial stage of cervical cancer. Mainly because no one cares
However, advanced stages of cervical cancer show the following symptoms:
- Irregular vaginal bleeding.
- excessive vaginal discharge
- pain during urination or sex
- Bleeding that occurs between menstrual cycles, after menopause, and on pelvic examination.
- unexplained pelvic pain
- heavy abnormal watery discharge, which may be foul-smelling
Also read about: Dialysis meaning in Hindi & Lung Cancer Symptoms in Hindi.
Diagnosis of Cervical Cancer
All women above the age of thirty or facing any of the symptoms mentioned above should undergo the following tests:
- A routine pelvic exam is essential
- Pap smear test checks for the formation of any abnormal cells. An abnormal finding during a Pap smear test (the doctor will scrape some cells from the cervix to study them) will lead to other confirmatory tests to confirm or rule out cervical cancer.
- Tests such as cervical biopsy, CT scan and PET scan are used to understand the spread of cancer.