Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder that usually appears in late adolescence or early adulthood. The illness is characterized by delusions, hallucinations, and other cognitive difficulties. Schizophrenia often turns into a lifelong struggle. Schizophrenia is a chronic disease that requires lifelong treatment. In this article, we will learn about the causes, symptoms and treatment of schizophrenia. ilaj, upay and nivaran.
Facts about Schizophrenia
Before we know more about this disease, we want to tell some key points about schizophrenia. The rest of the disease and its support information is in the main article
- Schizophrenia affects an estimated 1 percent of the population.
- Symptoms include delusions, hallucinations and disorganized thought process.
- The diagnosis of schizophrenia comes only after other diseases are ruled out.
What is schizophrenia? Schizophrenia Meaning in Hindi
Schizophrenia most commonly strikes between the ages of 16 and 30, and males show symptoms at a slightly younger age than females. In many cases, the disorder develops so slowly that the person does not know they have the disease for many years. However, in other cases, it can develop suddenly and the symptoms can appear and spread quickly. In this disease, people interpret reality abnormally. Schizophrenia results in some combination of hallucinations, delusions, and extremely uncontrolled thinking and behavior that impairs daily functioning, and can be disabling.
Most people with schizophrenia rely on others because they cannot hold a job or take care of themselves. Many may even resist treatment, arguing that there is nothing wrong with them. In schizophrenia, not only the patient is affected, but his family, friends and society are also affected.
Symptoms of Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia includes a variety of problems with thinking, behavior, and emotions.
common schizophrenia symptoms
Its symptoms can vary from person to person. But common symptoms – symptoms of schizophrenia may include:
- illusion (delusion) – The patient shows false beliefs, which can take many forms. They may feel that others are trying to control them from afar. Or, they may think they have extraordinary powers and abilities.
- Hallucinations – A person may start hearing voices that are not there. He may start to see, feel, taste or smell many things which are not really there. And the most common schizophrenia symptom is that people can experience a wide range of hallucinations.
- thought disorder – One can jump from one topic to another for no logical reason. The speaker may be difficult to follow or may be erratic.
and symptoms of schizophrenia include
In men, the symptoms of schizophrenia usually begin in the early to mid 20s. In women, symptoms usually begin in their late 20s. And it is unusual for children to be diagnosed with schizophrenia and rare for those older than the age of 45. Other symptoms that may not always be seen are the following:
- lack of motivation – The patient loses his drive to do things in life such as his every day activities, such as bathing and cooking.
Poor expression of emotions – reactions to happy or sad occasions may be lacking or inappropriate.
- social withdrawal – When Type A patient withdraws himself socially – he does not want to join the society. This is often because they believe that someone is harming them.
- ignorance of disease – As hallucinations and delusions seem very real to patients, many of them cannot believe they are ill. They may refuse to take medicine for fear of side effects or for fear that the medicine may be poison, for example.
- cognitive difficulties The patient’s ability to concentrate, remember things, plan ahead and organize their life is affected. communication becomes more difficult
Causes of Schizophrenia
It is not known what causes schizophrenia, but researchers believe that a combination of genetics, brain chemistry, and environment contribute to the development of the disorder.
Problems with certain naturally occurring brain chemicals, including neurotransmitters called dopamine and glutamate, may contribute to schizophrenia. Neuroimaging studies show differences in the brain structure and central nervous system of people with schizophrenia. While researchers are not certain of the significance of these changes, they indicate that schizophrenia is a brain disease.
What things increase the risk of this disease
Although the exact cause of schizophrenia is not known, certain factors increase the risk of developing or triggering schizophrenia, including:
- Having a family history of schizophrenia
- overactivity of the immune system, such as from inflammation or autoimmune disease
father is too old
- certain pregnancy and birth problems, such as malnutrition or exposure to toxins or viruses that can affect brain development
- taking mind-altering (psychoactive or psychoactive) drugs during the teen years and young adulthood
Treatment of Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia treatment can help relieve many of the symptoms. However, most patients with the disorder have to deal with the symptoms for the rest of their lives.
Primary schizophrenia (schizophrenia meaning in hindi) treatment is medication. Sadly, compliance (following a drug regimen) is a major problem. People with schizophrenia often go off their medications for long periods during their lives, and often at great personal cost to themselves and to those around them.
The patient should continue taking the medicine even when the symptoms go away. Otherwise, they’ll come back. The first time a person experiences schizophrenia symptoms, it can be very unpleasant. They can take a long time to recover, and recovery can be a lonely experience. It is important that the person living with schizophrenia has full support from their family, friends and community services when it first starts.
Read more: Constipation meaning in hindi and Migraine meaning in hindi.
Prevention of Schizophrenia
There is no sure way to prevent schizophrenia. However, early treatment can help control symptoms before serious complications develop and help improve the long-term outlook.
Following a treatment plan can help prevent relapses or worsening of schizophrenia symptoms. In addition, researchers hope that learning more about risk factors for schizophrenia may lead to earlier diagnosis and treatment.