Diarrhoea Meaning in Hindi: Due to eating and drinking something contaminated from outside, almost everyone suffers from loose motions or diarrhea at some point of time in their life. Diarrhea consists of more frequent, loose, watery stools. You can get diarrhea after eating contaminated food or drinking contaminated water or after being in contact with another person. Most cases of diarrhea are caused by bacteria, viruses, or parasites. Symptoms, and treatment of diarrhea and prevention of diarrhea.
Some important facts about diarrhea
- Most cases of diarrhea are caused by bacteria, viruses or parasites.
- Inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn’s and ulcerative colitis can also cause diarrhea.
- Antidiarrheal medicines can provide relief from diarrhoea.
- Zinc supplements should be given to treat diarrhea in children.
- Certain nutritional and probiotic interventions may help prevent diarrhea.
Meaning of diarrhea – Diarrhea Meaning in Hindi
Diarrhea is one of the most common diseases. These can range from a mild, temporary condition to a potentially life-threatening one. Globally, there are an estimated 2 billion cases of diarrhea each year, and about 1.9 million children under the age of 5 (mostly in developing countries), die of diarrhea. Diarrhea is characterized by abnormally loose or watery stools. Some people pass such stool frequently, but it is not necessarily diarrhoea. Similarly, breastfed babies often pass loose stools. This is also a common thing. It’s not diarrhea.
Symptoms of Diarrhea
Diarrhea refers to watery stools, but it can also be accompanied by other symptoms.
Symptoms of diarrhea include –
- stomach pain
- abdominal cramps
- abdominal swelling
- weight loss
Diarrhea is a symptom of other conditions, some of which can also be serious, such as:
Other possible symptoms are –
- blood or pus in the stool
- frequent vomiting
If it is accompanied by diarrhoea, or if you suffer from bouts of diarrhoea, it could indicate a more serious illness.
Mild cases of acute diarrhea may resolve without treatment. Persistent or chronic diarrhea will be diagnosed and any underlying causes treated ( dast ka ilaj ) in addition to the symptoms of diarrhea ( dast ke lakshan ).
For all cases of diarrhea, rehydration is important:
- Fluids can be replaced simply by drinking more fluids, or they can be received intravenously in severe cases.
- Children and older people are more vulnerable to dehydration.
- Oral rehydration solution (ORS) refers to water containing salt and glucose that is absorbed from the small intestine to replace water and electrolytes lost in the stool. In developing countries, ORS costs only a few cents.
2. Antidiarrheal medicine
Over-the-counter (OTC) antidiarrheal medications are also available. These should be consumed only on the recommendation of the doctor.
Antibiotics are only used to treat diarrhea caused by a bacterial infection. If the cause is a certain drug, it may be possible to switch to another drug.
A number of nutritionists offer some nutritional tips for diarrhoea:
- Sip on clear, still liquids such as fruit juices without added sugar.
- After each loose stool, replace lost fluids with at least one cup of liquid.
- When drinking most during meals, don’t
- Consume high-potassium foods and liquids, such as diluted fruit juice, potatoes without the skin and bananas.
- high-sodium foods and liquids, such as broths, soups, sports drinks, and saltine crackers
- In diarrhea (diarrhea meaning in Hindi or dast in Hindi), eat food high in soluble fiber, such as bananas, oatmeal and rice, as this helps thicken stools.
- limiting foods that may make diarrhea worse, such as creamy, fried, and sugary foods
Read about: Constipation meaning in hindi.
Foods and drinks that can make diarrhea worse include:
- mints, sweet cherry and pine
- caffeinated beverages
- high amounts of fructose from fruit juices, grapes, honey, dates, nuts, figs, and soft drinks
- lactose in dairy products
There is mixed evidence for the role of probiotics in diarrhea. They may help prevent traveler’s diarrhea. In children, there is evidence that they can reduce diarrhea from day 1. Probiotics are available in capsules, tablets, powders and liquids.
when to see a doctor
As soon as you feel the symptoms of severe diarrhea (dast ke lakshan or diarrhea in hindi) which are given below:
- Children under the age of 1 should see a doctor if they have a bout of diarrhea or have three bouts of vomit within 24 hours.
- Children older than 1 year should see a doctor if they have 6 or more episodes of diarrhea in 24 hours, or if they have diarrhea and vomiting at the same time.
It is important to seek medical help in the following cases:
- frequent vomiting
- persistent diarrhea
- significant weight loss
- pus in stool
- blood in the stool, which can turn the stool black
- Anyone who experiences diarrhea after surgery, after spending time in the hospital, or after using antibiotics should seek medical attention.
Also, read about: Piles in Hindi & Avocado Meaning in Hindi.
Prevention of diarrhea
Diarrhea is often caused by an infection. You can avoid the risk of diarrhea if you maintain a high level of hygiene.
For example, you should:
- Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and warm water after going to the toilet and before eating or preparing food
- Clean the toilet including the handle and seat with disinfectant after each bout of diarrhea
- Avoid sharing towels, cutlery or utensils with other household members
- It’s also important to practice good food and water hygiene when traveling abroad, such as avoiding potentially unsafe tap water and undercooked food.
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