Motor neuron disease is a group of conditions that cause a gradual loss of function in the nerves of the spinal cord and brain. They are a rare but severe and incurable form of progressive neuro-degeneration. Motor neuron disease is usually fatal. Depending on the type, most people will not live longer than 5 years after symptoms appear, but some people live 10 years or more. famous English physicist, Stephen Hawking (Stephen Hawking) had been living with ALS for many years. Let us know the causes of motor neurone disease, and the symptoms and diagnosis and treatment of motor neurone disease.
What is motor neuron disease?
- Motor neurons are nerve cells that send electrical output signals to muscles, affecting the muscles’ ability to work.
- Motor neuron disease can appear at any age, but most patients are over 40 years of age at diagnosis. It affects men more than women.
- The most common type, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), likely affects about 30,000 Americans at any given time, with more than 5,000 diagnosed each year.
Stages of Motor Neurone Disease and Symptoms of Motor Neurone Disease
Motor neuron disease can be divided into three stages, which are early, intermediate and advanced.
Symptoms of early motor neurone disease stage
- Symptoms tend to develop slowly and some may be confused with symptoms of other unrelated neurological conditions.
- The initial symptoms depend on which body system is affected first.
- Typical symptoms begin in one of three areas: the hands and feet, the mouth (bulbars), or the respiratory system.
At this stage you may feel the following symptoms:
- a weak grip, difficulty lifting and holding things
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- muscle pain and cramps
- slurred and sometimes distorted speech
- weakness in arms and legs
- rising bottleneck
- difficulty swallowing
- trouble breathing or shortness of breath
Symptoms of middle stage motor neurone disease
Motor Neuron Disease can cause severe difficulty in walking. And as the condition progresses, the symptoms become more severe.
This stage includes the following symptoms:
- increased muscle pain and weakness
- the limbs get progressively weaker
- starting to contract limb muscles
- Movement becomes more difficult in the affected limbs
- the muscles of the limb may become abnormally rigid
- joint pain increases
- be difficult to eat, drink, and swallow
- Drooling is caused by problems controlling saliva
- Puberty happens, sometimes in uncontrollable bouts
- Jaw Distension Can Be Too Irritating
- Speech problems are getting worse, as the sore throat and mouth become weak.
- The person may show changes in personality and emotional state, including uncontrollable crying or laughing.
- Secondary symptoms include insomnia, anxiety, and depression.
Advanced Stage Signs and Symptoms
Eventually, a motor neuron patient will be unable to move, eat, or breathe without assistance. Without supportive care, a person will expire. Despite the best care currently available, respiratory system complications can lead to death. The most common reasons are
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cause of disease
Motor neurons send signals from the brain to the muscles and bones, and it moves the muscles. They are involved in both conscious movements and automatic movements, such as swallowing and breathing.
Some motor neuron diseases are inherited while others occur randomly. The exact causes are unclear, but the National Institute of Neurological Disease and Stroke (NINNS) states that genetic, toxic, viral and other environmental factors play a role.
Risk – Reasons for the risk of Motor Neuron Disease
Here are some risk factors associated with Motor Neuron Disease.
- Heredity: In the United States (US), about 1 in 10 cases of ALS is inherited. SMA is also known to be an inherited condition.
- age: After age 40, the risk increases significantly, although it is still very small. ALS is most likely to occur between the ages of 55 and 75.
- gender: Men are more likely to develop MND.
Studies have shown that professional footballers are more likely to die from ALS, Alzheimer’s disease, and other neurodegenerative diseases than other people. This means a possible link with recurrent head trauma and motor neuron disease.
Motor Neuron Therapy – Treatment of Motor Neuron Disease
- Occupational therapy can help reduce some of the stiffness and tension of motor neuron disease, but there is no cure for motor neuron disease. There is no cure, so the focus is on slowing the healing process and maximizing the patient’s independence and comfort.
- This may include breathing, feeding, mobility, and the use of communication tools and equipment.
- Rehabilitation therapy may include physical, occupational, and speech therapy.