Typhoid is a bacterial infection caused by bacteria known as Salmonella typhi. Typhoid is also known as enteric fever. The two main symptoms of typhoid are fever and rashes. Symptoms of Typhoid include high fever, diarrhea and vomiting. It can be fatal for your life. Let us know more about the symptoms of Typhoid and the symptoms of Typhoid fever.
What is typhoid? What is Typhoid
Typhoid fever is a serious infectious disease characterized by fever, which is usually caused by Salmonella typhi bacteria. It can also be caused by Salmonella paratyphi, a related bacterium that usually causes less severe illness. The bacteria of this disease enter a person through contaminated water or food and then spread to other people in the area. Its symptoms (symptoms of Typhoid in Hindi) usually last from the sixth day to the thirtieth day. Typhoid fever symptoms are rare in industrialized countries, but the disease is a significant public health issue in developing countries.
Read more: Symptoms of Dengue fever and treatment of Chikungunya.
Causes of Typhoid
Typhoid (typhoid fever meaning in hindi) is usually transmitted through contaminated water or food, similar to cholera. People who are infected pass out the live bacteria in their stool and urine. Generally, its symptoms do not develop quickly in typhoid patients, so they do not know that they need to take extra precautions. If they do not wash their hands properly, the typhoid bacillus bacteria can be transferred from there to another person through food or water. In addition, it can also be spread directly from person to person through contaminated fingers.
Symptoms of Typhoid
Following are the main symptoms of typhoid fever:
Symptoms of Typhoid usually appear between 6 to 30 days after coming in contact with the bacteria. The two main symptoms of typhoid are fever and rashes. Typhoid fever symptoms are typically high, and may gradually rise up to 104 degrees Fahrenheit, or 39 to 40 degrees Celsius. The rash, which does not affect every patient, is a red rash, especially on the neck and abdomen.
Other symptoms of typhoid include:
- stomach ache
- Poor Appetite
- generalized aches and pains
- Bleeding or perforation of the intestines (two to three weeks after illness)
- fatigue meaning in hindi
Occasionally, symptoms may include confusion, diarrhea, and vomiting, but these are usually not severe.
Treatments of Typhoid
Usually the symptoms of typhoid appear between 6 to 30 days, its symptoms should be treated immediately as soon as they appear in the patient. The only effective treatment for typhoid is antibiotics. Ciprofloxacin (for non-pregnant adults) and ceftriaxone are the most commonly used antibiotics for the treatment of typhoid. Apart from antibiotics, drinking enough water also helps in treating it. In more severe cases, where the bowel has become perforated, surgery may be required.
Apart from this, typhoid can also be avoided with the help of vaccination.
There are two types of vaccines available so far, but there is still a need for a more effective vaccine. Of the two vaccines, the live, oral vaccine is more effective. Even after 3 years, it still protects individuals from infection 73 percent of the time. However, the side effects of this vaccine are high. Current vaccines are not as effective because typhoid is so prevalent in poor countries that more research is needed to find better ways to prevent its spread.