Do you know that by drinking contaminated food and water, you can become a victim of a serious disease. This disease is known as Typhoid fever, which is spread by bacteria called Salmonella Typhi. The disease can spread throughout the body, and affect many of your body’s organs. In the absence of prompt treatment, it can also be fatal. Typhoid fever is rare in industrialized countries but is a significant public health issue in developing countries. Let us get more information about Typhoid fever with the help of this article.
What is typhoid fever? typhoid fever
Typhoid fever (Typhoid meaning in Hindi) is a serious disease caused by infection with bacteria called Salmonella typhi, which is caused by infection with a bacterium Salmonella typhi present in food and contamination of food with this bacterium by flies. And it happens because of our bad habits. It is spread between individuals by direct contact with the faeces of an infected person or by human-to-human transmission. The bacteria of this disease reach the intestines along with the food and damage the intestines due to which bloody ulcers are formed. Later the bacteria spread in the blood. Through the blood stream, it spreads to other tissues and organs. Typhoid fever weakens the patient’s immune system and resides in the cells of the immune system.
If untreated, about 1 in 5 cases of typhoid fever can be fatal, and with treatment, fewer than 4 in 100 cases are fatal. Some people do not show symptoms of typhoid fever even after having bacteria.
Causes of typhoid fever – Causes of Typhoid Fever
Typhoid fever is caused by Salmonella typhi bacteria and is spread through food, drink and drinking water contaminated with infected faecal matter. Washing fruits and vegetables with contaminated water can also spread it. Some people do not show any external symptoms of typhoid fever, which means that they do not have any ill effects even after being infected with this bacteria. Whereas in some people, even after the symptoms of typhoid (typhoid symptoms in hindi) are over, the Salmonella typhi bacteria remain in their body. Occasionally, the disease may reappear. People who suffer from this disease cannot be allowed to work with children or old people, until medical tests show that the patient has recovered and its symptoms are completely gone. Huh.
Following are the symptoms of Typhoid fever:
- Poor Appetite
- Diarrhea Meaning in Hindi
- generalized aches and pains
About 3%-5% of patients become carriers of this bacterium after an acute illness. Typhoid fever patient usually has fever up to 103 Fahrenheit-104 Fahrenheit (39 Celsius-40 Celsius).
The problem of chest congestion also develops in some patients. Abdominal pain and discomfort are common in this fever and the fever is persistent. In such patients, improvement starts in the third and fourth week. At the same time, some patients (about 10%) have symptoms of typhoid fever (recurring symptoms) after feeling better for one to two weeks. This is more common in patients who recover from treatment with antibiotics.
Treatment of typhoid fever
Countries with a lack of clean water and washing facilities generally have a higher number of typhoid cases. Typhoid fever can be treated in two ways.
- with the help of antibiotics
- with the help of vaccination
with the help of antibiotics
Typhoid is treated with the help of antibiotics, which kill the Salmonella bacteria. Before the use of antibiotics, the mortality rate was 20%. Because of antibiotics and proper care, the mortality rate has been reduced to 1%-2%. If the patient takes appropriate antibiotic therapy, his condition usually starts to improve within one to two days and he is completely cured within 7 to 10 days.
Read more: Jaundice Meaning in Hindi & Chikungunya Symptoms in Hindi.
with the help of vaccination
Vaccination for typhoid fever is recommended before traveling to high risk of typhoid prone areas. Immunization is done by oral drugs or injections:
- Oral: This is a live, attenuated vaccine consisting of 4 tablets, taken every other day, with the last tablet being taken 1 week before travel.
- The shot, which is an inactivated vaccine, is taken 2 weeks before travel.
Vaccinations are not 100% effective so care must be taken in what you eat and drink while traveling. Vaccination should not be given if a person is ill or if they are under 6 years of age. Apart from this, any person suffering from HIV should not take live and oral dose. Although the effects of vaccination are adverse, one in 100 people may still experience fever. Following an oral vaccine, gastrointestinal problems, nausea, and headache are common symptoms.
How to avoid infection? – How to Avoid Typhoid Infection
Typhoid (Typhoid meaning in Hindi) is spread by contact and ingestion of infected human faeces. It can also be from an infected water source or food.
To avoid the infection of Typhoid fever, follow the following general rules while traveling:
- Drink bottled water, take care that the water is carbonated as far as possible.
- If bottled water is not available, drink water that has been boiled for at least 1 minute.
- Avoid eating street food.
- Avoid ice in beverages.
- Do not eat raw fruits and vegetables.