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Symptoms, Causes and Treatment of Malaria

Malaria is a disease spread between July and November which is spread by a parasite named Plasmodium. And the main reason for this is the bite of female Anopheles mosquito which mostly thrives in dirty water. Symptoms of Malaria (Malaria Symptom in Hindi) are not the same in all people.Since the year 2000, cases of malaria are rarely seen in India, yet there are many states in the country where cases of malaria can be easily found even today. The eastern state of Odisha is one of them, 40% of the total malaria cases are found only in the eastern state of Odisha. In India, Malaria is most prevalent in parts of eastern, central and north-eastern states of the country like Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tripura and Meghalaya. Most of these states are hilly, tribal, full of forests where malaria spreads easily. In recent years, the state government has made several efforts to prevent, diagnose and treat malaria, and the good thing is that the results have been quite good. India has set a target of becoming malaria free by 2027 and eliminating the disease by 2030. Let us know more about the causes and symptoms of this disease (Malaria ke lakshan, Malaria symptoms in Hindi), medicines and tests used for treatment.

When and how does malaria occur?

Malaria is a vector borne disease caused by the bite of female Anopheles mosquito. The mosquito that spreads it grows rapidly in dirty water and bites only at night. If we talk about its peak time, then it is most likely to spread during the rainy season and this also happens because its peak is in the month of July. It takes time and almost till the month of November its cases are heard. Malaria mosquito bites after hiding during the day, and affects different people differently, like some malaria patients complain of high fever with chills, whereas in some people its symptoms do not appear simultaneously. . Sometimes there is no fever in malaria and it increases gradually due to which the patient lacks hemoglobin and the disease caused by its deficiency becomes anemic which can be dangerous.

Symptoms of Malaria

As we have already told that the symptoms of Malaria are not the same in all people, in some patients its symptoms (Malaria symptoms in Hindi) appear on time, while some people come to know about it only then. That’s when it takes a terrible form. Malaria symptoms can be classified into two categories:

  1. uncomplicated malaria
  2. Complicated Malaria or Severe Malaria

    Symptoms of Malaria, Malaria Symptoms in Hindi
    Symptoms of Malaria

Symptoms of Uncomplicated Malaria – Uncomplicated Malaria ke Lakshan:

Uncomplicated malaria occurs when its symptoms are not very severe, nor does this type of malaria affect any vital part of the patient’s body. If it is not treated at the right time, then this type of malaria can turn into complicated malaria. Symptoms of uncomplicated malaria (Malaria Symptoms in Hindi) mostly last for 6 -10 hours and repeat every other day, while the bite of some parasites can make this cycle longer.

The symptoms of uncomplicated malaria (Malaria Symptoms in HIndi) are similar to flu, so in places where malaria does not occur, they make mistakes and get wrong treatment. In uncomplicated malaria, first chills, then heat, and then sweating, this is how it spreads, some of the main symptoms are as follows:

  • to shudder
  • fever, headache, and vomiting
  • having seizures
  • sweating after sweating, after returning to normal temperature

Symptoms of Complicated Malaria – Symptoms of Complicated Malaria:

Malaria Symptoms in Hindi can be identified with the help of lab tests, they are as follows

  • fever and chills
  • unconsciousness
  • deep breathing and shortness of breath
  • Symptoms of abnormal bleeding and anemia
  • Jaundice
  • Uncomplicated malaria can be fatal without treatment.

Also read about this in detail: Dengue in Hindi

Treatment of Malaria

Along with monitoring, some appropriate antibiotics are also needed to treat malaria. So this disease depends on the following factors:

  • according to parasites
  • depending on the severity of symptoms and
  • On the basis of drug resistance and on the basis of which area the patient is traveling
  • The doctor will prescribe antibiotic medicine or advice based on the above factors.

Vaccination to treat Malaria:

There is currently no vaccine to prevent malaria. Due to the diversity of Plasmodium species and P. falciparum species being the most lethal parasite, most efforts are currently directed toward a P. falciparum vaccine. RTS, S/ASO1 is the most advanced candidate as a viable vaccine.

Malaria Prevention:

No medicine is 100% effective, so prevention of mosquito bites is of paramount importance. These preventive measures should include the following:

  • Sleep in a mosquito net. These nets are most effective at keeping mosquitoes away if they are used with an insecticide.
  • Wear clothes well: Do not wear clothes that cover most of the exposed skin and shoes at night. Wear clothes and shoes properly, in this way you can protect yourself.
  • Use insecticide on exposed skin.

To avoid malaria, it is necessary to recognize its symptoms in time and treat it at the right time. Prevention is more important than treatment.

Also read in detail about: Treatment of Chikungunya

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