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Anemia Meaning in Hindi – Know about anemia or lack of blood

Anemia in Hindi Do you feel tired and weak and are having difficulty in passing the day, then be careful, this may be a sign of your being a victim of anemia. Anemia Meaning in Hindi is Anemia or lack of blood. This is the condition in which there is a deficiency of red blood cells in your blood.

Just as our car needs fuel to run in its tank, in the same way our blood cells carry oxygen to our organs and tissues, which gives us the power to work. If you do not have enough red blood cells in your body, then you will have trouble waking up in the morning, exercising and doing other important things. Here are some common causes and common symptoms of anemia, let’s get to know more about it.

Anemia Meaning in Hindi – Meaning of Anemia in Hindi

It is a very common condition that mostly affects women, children and people who have a chronic illness. Anemia is a condition that develops when there is a lack of enough healthy blood cells or hemoglobin in your blood. Hemoglobin is the main component of red blood cells that binds oxygen to our organs and tissues. If your red blood cells are too few or abnormal and your hemoglobin levels are too low, your body’s cells will not get enough oxygen. When your body doesn’t make enough blood cells and is deficient in iron, folate or vitamin B12 (all of which are needed to make RBCs), you develop anemia.

causes of anemia in hindi

You can develop anemia for a number of reasons, one of them being your body not making enough red blood cells and having low levels of iron, folate and vitamin B12 in your blood. Apart from these, due to many other reasons, you can become a victim of anemia. If we talk about the causes of anemia, then there are more than 400 types of anemia which are caused due to different factors. Some of the main reasons are given below-

  1. anemia due to blood loss
  2. Due to low production of red blood cells
  3. due to the destruction of red blood cells

due to anemia

This cause of anemia is often not easily identified. Many times when you lose a lot of blood due to any reason then your body may lack red blood cells, this is often due to the loss of blood for a long time. This type of chronic bleeding can usually be the result of the following:

  • Gastrointestinal conditions such as ulcers, hemorrhoids, gastritis (irritation and inflammation of the stomach), and cancer
  • Menstruation or periods (if there is heavy bleeding during periods)
  • use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin or ibuprofen, which can cause ulcers and gastritis

Due to low production of red blood cells

In this type of anemia, our body either makes too few blood cells or our blood cells do not work well, in both cases you may develop anemia. The reason for abnormality of red blood cells may be due to lack of essential vitamins or minerals in red blood cells. This type of anemia can be accompanied by the following conditions-

  1. Sickle Cell Anemia: Sickle cell anemia is a genetic disorder in which red blood cells become half-shaped due to genetic deficiency and break down quickly due to which oxygen does not reach our body parts and the person becomes a victim of anemia. Sometimes the half-sized red blood cells become trapped in the small blood vessels and cause pain.
  2. iron deficiency: Anemia can occur due to lack of iron in our body and due to lack of minerals. Bone marrow needs iron to make hemoglobin, the part of red blood cells that carries oxygen to the body’s organs. Without enough iron, our red blood cells cannot produce enough hemoglobin, resulting in iron deficiency anemia.
  3. vitamin deficiency: Vitamin deficiency anemia occurs when there is a deficiency of vitamin B12 and folate in our body as these are the two vitamins that form red blood cells. Conditions that promote anemia due to vitamin deficiency are as follows – megaloblastic anemia, pernicious anemia, dietary deficiency, pregnancy, intestinal disease, certain medications, excessive alcohol consumption.
  4. Causes of problems with bone marrow and stem cells: Problems with bone marrow and stem cells prevent your body from producing red blood cells, and if the stem cells are too low, they can cause anemia.
  5. Other health conditions: When there are not enough hormones present in your body that can produce red blood cells, then also the condition of anemia arises. The following conditions are responsible for this type of anemia-
  • advanced kidney disease
  • hypothyroidism
  • Other chronic diseases such as cancer, infection, diabetes, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis
  • due to aging

due to the destruction of red blood cells

When red blood cells are too fragile and cannot withstand the regular stress of the circulatory system, they break down from time to time, which can lead to hemolytic anemia. Hemolytic anemia may be present at birth or may occur later. Sometimes there is no known reason for it to happen. Some of the causes of hemolytic anemia are the following:

  • genetic conditions such as sickle cell anemia and thalassemia
  • Stressors such as infections, medications, snake or spider venom, or certain foods
  • toxins from liver or kidney disease
  • Vascular grafts, prosthetic heart valves, tumors, severe burns, exposure to certain chemicals, severe high blood pressure, and clotting disorders
  • Sometimes an enlarged spleen destroys red blood cells before they can circulate.

symptoms of anemia in hindi

Symptoms of anemia largely depend on its cause, type, severity, and other health problems such as bleeding, ulcers, menstrual problems, or cancer. The symptoms of these problems can be seen earlier. Although our body has a special ability to compensate for the initial anemia and even if you have very mild anemia and it has been developing for a long time, it may not show any symptoms. Some common symptoms of anemia and some symptoms based on its causes are given below.

Some common symptoms of anemia are as follows-

  • fatigue and lack of energy
  • Abnormally rapid heartbeat while exercising
  • Breathlessness and headache while exercising
  • trouble concentrating
  • dizzy
  • yellowing of the skin
  • leg pain
  • insomnia

Symptoms of anemia depending on its causes are as follows-

  1. People who have anemia due to iron deficiency can feel these symptoms-
  • Feeling hungry for strange things like eating paper, ice, dust and dirt (called pica)
  • abnormal growth of the nails, called koilonychias
  • oral thrush
  1. People who have anemia due to deficiency of Vitamin B12, they show these symptoms. can feel-
  • Tingling in hands and feet (like being pricked by a needle)
  • numbness of hands and feet
  • shakiness and trouble walking
  • stiffness in extremities
  • dementia
  1. Chronic lead poisoning can cause these symptoms-
  • Formation of dark blue line on gums called lead line
  • stomach pain
  • Constipation
  • vomiting
  1. Symptoms of anemia due to destruction of red blood cells They are as follows-
  • jaundice
  • brown or red urine
  • leg ulcers
  • trouble growing
  • Symptoms of Gallstones
  1. The symptoms of sickle cell anemia are as follows-
  • fatigue
  • risk of infection
  • developmental delay in children
  • Intermittent pain in joints, abdomen and other organs
  1. Symptoms of anemia due to sudden breakdown of red blood cells They are as follows-
  • stomach ache
  • brown and red urine
  • jaundice
  • rash on the skin
  • symptoms of kidney failure
  • seizures or epilepsy

If you have or have a family history of a chronic illness such as rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, Crohn’s disease, or certain types of cancer, you may be at a higher risk of developing anemia.

When to go to the doctor?

If you see any such symptoms due to which you may be a victim of anemia, then immediately consult your doctor-

  • If you notice persistent fatigue, shortness of breath, an increased heart rate, pale skin, and any signs of anemia, go to your doctor immediately and seek emergency care to avoid complications or changes in your heartbeat.
  • Having very heavy periods.
  • See a doctor as soon as you notice symptoms of ulcers, gastritis, hemorrhoids, bloody hemorrhoids, and colorectal cancer.
  • Further, if there is already a problem of anemia in your family, then consult a doctor before giving birth to your child.

treatment of anemia in hindi

Anemia is also treated on the basis of its types and causes. Anemia is treated in a defined range and the treatment of one type of anemia is completely different from the other. Treatment of anemia is not possible until a person develops symptoms of anemia. The main aim of its treatment is to increase the number of red blood cells. Increasing red blood cells also increases the amount of oxygen in your blood.

  • Anemia due to iron deficiency: There is a very simple treatment for this type of anemia. It can be treated with some iron supplements and by improving some eating habits. If this problem is due to excessive bleeding, then find the place from where bleeding is taking place and make proper efforts to stop it as soon as possible.
  • Anemia due to vitamin deficiency: To treat this type of anemia, you are advised to take some dietary supplements and shots of Vitamin B12.
  • Thalassemia: Treatment for this type of anemia includes folic acid supplements, removal of the spleen, and sometimes blood transfusions and bone marrow transplants, if needed.
  • Anemia due to chronic disease: This type of anemia is usually caused due to acute and chronic diseases, for which there is no definite cure but it is treated depending on the condition.
  • aplastic anemia: In this also the patient’s blood transfusion and bone marrow transplant are done.
  • Sickle Cell Anemia: Treatment for this type of anemia includes oxygen therapy, intravenous fluid therapy, and pain relief. Along with this some antibiotics, folic acid supplements and blood transfusions are also done.

Apart from this, you can also get relief from anemia by taking iron-rich diet. Here we will tell what to eat in anemia so that red blood cells are formed properly in your body and there is no deficiency of hemoglobin.

diet for anemia

Anemia Meaning in Hindi, Anemia in Hindi

If anemia is caused due to nutritional deficiencies, then by taking iron rich diet you can get rid of anemia and at the same time it is also helpful in reducing the symptoms of anemia. Some foods that are rich sources of iron are as follows:

  • Iron-fortified cereals and breads
  • green leafy vegetables
  • pulses and beans
  • brown rice
  • white and red meats
  • nuts and seeds
  • fish
  • Tofu
  • eggs
  • Dry Fruits

Also read about it in detail: Arthritis meaning in Hindi and Epilepsy meaning in Hindi

Many cases of anemia can be prevented or completely treated by making changes to your diet. There are some types of anemia that can be treated for a long time, and there are some types that can be life-threatening if left untreated. People who constantly feel weak and tired should see a doctor to check for anemia.

If you have become a victim of anemia or are feeling its symptoms, then book an appointment with an Anemia Specialist Doctor near you. Or Click Here To Talk To A Credihealth Medical Expert For Free For Any Health Related Information

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