Human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV, is a type of virus that causes AIDS. AIDS is the last stage of HIV infection, when your body cannot fight this type of dangerous infection. HIV (HIV in Hindi) attacks our immune system and weakens our body’s ability to fight infections and diseases. There is no cure for HIV, but there are many treatments to enable most people with the virus to live long and healthy lives. The best way to prevent HIV is to use a condom when having sex and never use a used needle or injection. Let us know how HIV causes AIDS (HIV kaise hota hai in Hindi) and what are its symptoms?
What is HIV in Hindi? What is HIV?
HIV in Hindi The full name of HIV is Human Immunodeficiency Virus, which if not treated, causes AIDS (HIV AIDS in Hindi) in the last stage. Like other viruses, HIV cannot be cured even after treatment, but you can live a long life. HIV attacks our body’s immune system. Specifically CD4 cells, also known as T cells, which help our immune system fight infection. If left untreated, HIV keeps reducing our CD4 cells or T cells and that person can have many other types of infections related to cancer. Over time, HIV starts destroying these T cells and our body starts losing its power to fight any type of infection. When weakness starts coming in our body, then cancer and other types of infections take advantage of it and in its last stage indicate to be suffering from AIDS (HIV AIDS in Hindi).
There is currently no effective cure for HIV, but with proper medical care, HIV can be controlled. (HIV in Hindi) The medicine used to treat HIV is called antiretroviral therapy or ART. If taken correctly, every day, this drug can miraculously prolong the lives of many people infected with HIV, keep them healthy, and greatly reduce the chance of infecting other people. Can reduce Before the introduction of ART in the mid-1990s, people with HIV would develop AIDS within a few years. Today, if a person is infected with HIV, with some advanced treatments, their symptoms can be reduced and they can live as long as people without HIV.
What is HIV/AIDS in Hindi? What is HIV/AIDS?
hiv aids in hindiThe full form of AIDS is Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. AIDS is the most dangerous and last stage of HIV infection. People who suffer from AIDS, their body’s immunity is almost destroyed and they become victims of many types of serious infections. You are diagnosed with AIDS when your CD4 or T cell count falls below 200 cubic millimeters of blood (200 cells/mm 3 ). (In someone with a healthy immune system, the CD4 count is between 500 and 1,600 cells/mm 3 .) If you develop one or more of the opportunistic diseases regardless of your CD4 count, you may have HIV AIDS. ) can be considered a victim.
Connection Between HIV and AIDS
A person can suffer from AIDS only if he is already suffering from HIV infection, but it is not necessary at all that a person with HIV should have AIDS.
HIV develops mainly in 3 stages, they are as follows-
Stage 1: This is the most acute stage which occurs in the first few weeks after transmission of the virus.
Stage 2: This stage is the clinical latency, or chronic stage.
Stage 3: This is the last stage and if untreated, the person becomes a victim of AIDS.
How quickly HIV turns into AIDS varies from person to person. If left untreated, it will continue until the patient becomes AIDS. And with treatment, the virus can remain in the patient’s body indefinitely, but the person can lead a normal life. HIV and AIDS are related to each other but they are not the same. Let us know what can be the causes and symptoms of HIV.
Where Did HIV Come From? Where did HIV originate?
Scientists have identified a type of chimpanzee from Central Africa as the source of HIV infection in humans. They believed that the chimpanzee version of the immunodeficiency virus (simian immunodeficiency virus, or SIV) was most likely transmitted to humans and that mutated into HIV. When humans hunted these chimpanzees for meat, the HIV virus came into humans from their infected blood. According to many studies, by the end of 1800s, this virus had come from these chimpanzees to humans. Then this virus slowly spread all over Africa and today this virus has made almost every country of the world its victim.
How is HIV infected in Hindi? How does HIV spread?
HIV can happen to anyone and it is mainly in the body fluids of the person like-
- in the blood
- in semen
- in vaginal and rectal fluids
- in breast milk
Some of the common reasons due to which you can get HIV are as follows-
- Through vaginal or anal sex – this is the most common way of transmission of HIV, especially among men who have sex with men
- If many people use the same needle or syringe to take a medicine
- using tattooing equipment without washing it
- Pregnancy – Pregnancy Test in Hindi, HIV can be transmitted by a woman to her child during labor pan or at the time of birth.
- during breastfeeding
- through “pre-mastication”, or through chewing a baby’s food before feeding them
- through the blood of a person with HIV, such as through a needle stick
Signs and Symptoms of HIV
Many people with HIV do not show symptoms for many months or even years. However, about 80% of people with HIV have symptoms similar to the common flu that appear 2-3 weeks after being infected with the virus. Some common and initial symptoms of HIV are as follows-
- Fever Meaning in Hindi
- joint pain
- muscle aches
- sore throat
- sweating (especially at night)
- gland enlargement
- get red rash
- Fatigue meaning in Hindi
- Sudden weight loss – How to lose weight
- get blisters
It is very important to note here that all these symptoms appear when you are fighting many types of viruses, not just HIV. If you are feeling many of these symptoms and you feel that you may be infected with HIV, then you must go to the doctor and get tested.
Test for Diagnosis HIV – Test for diagnosis of HIV
There are many tests available for the diagnosis of HIV, using which you can find out whether you are infected with HIV or not. For this, your doctor will decide which test you should undergo. Some of the tests for HIV are given below-
Antibody/Antigen Test: This is the most commonly used test. They can show a positive result within 18-45 days after initially contracting HIV.
Antibody Test: These tests solely check our blood for antibodies. Between 23 and 90 days after transmission, most people develop detectable HIV antibodies, which can be found in the patient’s blood or saliva.
Nucleic Acid Test (NAT): This test is a bit expensive which is not used for general screening. This is for people with early symptoms of HIV. This test is not done to look for antibodies; Rather it is done to look for the virus. With its help, it takes 5 to 21 days to detect HIV in the blood.
Although no vaccine is yet available to prevent HIV, HIV can be avoided by taking some precautions. Some of the measures for prevention of HIV are given below, they are as follows-
The most common way HIV is spread is through anal or vaginal sex without a condom. These risks cannot be completely eliminated unless sex is avoided completely, but these risks can be reduced by taking some precautions. A person concerned about exposure to HIV should:
- Get tested for HIV: It is of paramount importance that you know your and your partner’s HIV status.
- Get tested for STIs: If it tests positive, it should be treated, as having an STI increases the risk of getting HIV.
- Use condom: Keep in mind that whenever you have anal or vaginal sex, always use a condom. Because it is very important to keep in mind that semen contains HIV virus and it can be transmitted from one partner to another.
- Do not have sex with more than one person: Try to have sex with only one partner, even by doing this you can avoid HIV.
Other ways to prevent HIV are as follows-
- Use a clean needle: If you use a needle or syringe to take medicine, make sure that it is not used.
- Get medical care right away if you are pregnant: If you are HIV positive, you can pass the HIV infection to your baby. But if you get treated during pregnancy, you can protect your baby from HIV.
- Consider mail circumcision: There is evidence that male circumcision may help reduce the risk of getting HIV infection.
Currently there is no effective treatment for HIV. But with proper medical care, HIV can be controlled. The treatment for HIV AIDS is called antiretroviral therapy or (ART). Medical care, if taken correctly, can prolong the lives of many people infected with HIV.
Read in detail about HIV in English also: HIV Symptoms in Men
Book an appointment with a doctor near you (AIDS Doctor in Pune) for HIV AIDS treatment.