Life Style

Know what are the symptoms of HIV and ways to avoid AIDS

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a fatal disease caused by HIV. In this disease, the HIV virus destroys the human immune system and also destroys its immunity, due to which it quickly becomes a victim of many fatal diseases. AIDS occurs in the last stage of HIV, which occurs if untreated, whereas if its symptoms (HIV ke Lakshan in Hindi) are identified and treated at the right time, then the afflicted person can live a good and long life. Is. The symptoms of HIV AIDS are similar to the common flu in the initial days, but as soon as more than one of these symptoms appear, one should be tested for HIV immediately. Its symptoms can also be different in women and men and are found differently from person to person. Let us know with the help of this article what are these symptoms (HIV AIDS Symptoms in Hindi) and how they can be avoided.

Causes and Symptoms of HIV

HIV is a type of retrovirus that affects vital organs and cells of the human immune system. To become infected with HIV, infected blood, semen or vaginal secretions must enter your body. Its causes and symptoms (HIV Symptoms in Hindi) have been explained in detail, let us know what are its symptoms (HIV ke Lakshan in Hindi) and reasons.

HIV ke Karan in Hindi – Causes of HIV

If we talk about the reasons for the spread of HIV, then the main reason for this is unprotected sex and using used needles. The rate of virus progression varies widely between individuals and depends on many factors. Following are some of the reasons for the spread of HIV (HIV ke Karan in Hindi):

By sex: You can also become infected if you have vaginal, anal, or oral sex with an infected person whose blood, semen, or vaginal secretions enter your body. The HIV virus can enter your body through mouth sores that sometimes develop in the rectum or vagina during sexual activity.

From blood transfusions: In some cases, the HIV virus can be transmitted from one person to another through blood transfusions. That’s why it is most important that while taking blood from someone, he must get his blood test done for HIV, apart from this, the risk of spreading HIV is very less in blood banks and hospitals where HIV antibodies are tested.

Using the same needle by multiple people: Sharing contaminated intravenous drug paraphernalia (needles and syringes) can expose you to HIV and other infectious diseases like hepatitis etc.

During pregnancy or childbirth or through breastfeeding: Mothers infected with HIV can pass the virus to their babies. HIV-positive mothers who receive treatment for this infection during pregnancy greatly reduce the risk of their children being infected with HIV.

Here it is also very important to keep in mind that due to which HIV does not spread:

  • skin to skin contact
  • shaking hands, kissing, or kissing
  • air or water
  • sharing food or beverages
  • Saliva, tears, or sweat (unless mixed with the blood of a person with HIV)
  • sharing a toilet, towels, or bedding
  • mosquito or other insect bites

Symptoms of HIV in Hindi – HIV symptoms

The symptoms of HIV are given below in detail in this article. Let us know what and how are the symptoms of HIV (HIV ke Lakshan in Hindi)

HIV Symptoms in Hindi – Symptoms of HIV in Hindi

Symptoms of HIV (HIV Symptoms in Hindi) are of different types, which are as follows-

HIV symptoms in Hindi, Symptoms of HIV in Hindi, HIV AIDS Symptoms in Hindi
hiv aids symptoms

Early symptoms of HIV – Early HIV Symptoms in Hindi:

The first few weeks after infection with HIV is called the acute infection stage. During this time, the virus reproduces rapidly. The person’s immune system responds by producing HIV antibodies. These are proteins that help fight infection.

During this stage, some people do not show any symptoms at first. Although many people experience symptoms of HIV in the first or second months after exposure to the virus, they often do not know that those symptoms are caused by HIV. This is because the symptoms of this stage are similar to those of the flu or other seasonal viruses. They can be mild to severe, and often these symptoms come and go.

Early symptoms of HIV may include:

  • Fever Hindi Meaning
  • chills
  • swollen lymph nodes
  • general aches and pains
  • skin rash
  • sore throat
  • Headache
  • Nausea Meaning in Hindi
  • upset stomach

Because these symptoms are similar to common flu, so the victims do not consider it necessary to go to the doctor for them and even if they show them to the doctor, the doctor also takes these symptoms (HIV Symptoms in Hindi) as common flu and does not test for HIV.

At this time, whether the symptoms (HIV ke Lakshan in Hindi) are visible in the victim or not, still during this time the viral load (viral load is the amount of HIV in the patient’s blood) is very high. If the viral load is very high, it means that the HIV virus can be transmitted easily.

Symptoms of HIV in Clinical Latency Stage – Clinical Latency Stage of HIV Symptoms in Hindi:

About 1 month after infection with HIV, the clinical latency stage of HIV begins. This stage of HIV can last for a few years and even longer. In some people, the symptoms of HIV are not visible even in this stage, whereas in some people, some symptoms start appearing. It is almost impossible to detect HIV from the symptoms (HIV Symptoms in Hindi) that are visible, nor do they point to a particular disease.

These informal symptoms may include:

  • headache and other aches and pains
  • swollen lymph nodes
  • long periods of fever that come and go
  • night sweats
  • Fatigue Meaning in Hindi
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea – diarrhea in hindi
  • weight loss
  • skin rash
  • vaginal infection
  • pneumonia
  • Shingles

With early stage HIV, HIV is still contagious even without obvious symptoms and can be passed on to another person. However, the afflicted person will not know that he has been infected with HIV until he gets tested. If a person shows these symptoms (HIV AIDS Symptoms in Hindi) and they think that they have come in contact with HIV, then it is important that they must get tested.

“Perhaps you do not know that the symptoms of HIV (HIV ke Lakshan in Hindi) are different in women and men too. The symptoms of HIV are similar for most women and men, but they can vary depending on the individual at risk if they have HIV. Here we have explained in detail about the symptoms of HIV in women and men.

Symptoms of HIV in men – HIV Symptoms in Men:

The symptoms of HIV vary from person to person, but they are similar in men and women. These symptoms may come and go or get progressively worse.

If a person has been exposed to HIV, they can also be exposed to other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). These include gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, and trichomoniasis. Symptoms of STIs (genital sores) appear more quickly in men than in women. However, men do not usually seek the same medical care as women. The symptoms of HIV in men are as follows-

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • persistent diarrhea
  • extremely tired
  • fast weight loss
  • cough and shortness of breath
  • fever, chills, and night sweats
  • fungal infection
  • rashes and sores in the mouth or nose, on the genitals, or under the skin
  • swollen lymph nodes in the armpits, groin, or neck
  • loss of memory, confusion, or neurological disorder

Also read about it in detail: Most Common HIV Symptoms in Men
Also read about it in detail: HIV AIDS In Hindi – Know how HIV causes AIDS

Symptoms of HIV in women – HIV Symptoms in Women:

Both men and women living with HIV are more likely to be infected with STIs. However, males may be slightly more likely to have small lesions or other changes in their genitals than females.

Apart from this, these risks increase further in women suffering from HIV-

  • vaginal yeast infection
  • Other vaginal infections such as bacterial infections
  • pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  • changes in menstrual cycle
  • HPV which can cause warts or cervical cancer

Symptoms of HIV AIDS in Hindi – Symptoms of HIV AIDS in Hindi

AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. In this condition, HIV weakens the patient’s immune system which usually cannot be reversed for many years. When a person is diagnosed with HIV and is treated early with antiretroviral therapy, that person usually will not develop AIDS.

People with HIV develop AIDS when they do not develop HIV symptoms in the early days or they do not get treated at the right time or they do not take antiretroviral therapy even after being aware of HIV. Let’s take Apart from this, those people can get AIDS if they do not have any effect on antiretroviral therapy.

Some symptoms of HIV AIDS (HIV AIDS Symptoms in Hindi) are as follows –

  • Fever
  • chronic swelling of the lymph nodes, especially those in the armpits, neck, and groin
  • extremely tired
  • night sweats
  • dark splotches under the skin or in the mouth, nose, or eyelids
  • sores in the mouth and tongue, genitals, or anus
  • skin sores, or rashes
  • recurring or chronic diarrhea
  • rapid weight loss
  • neurological problems such as memory loss, and confusion
  • anxiety and depression

Antiretroviral therapy can control the virus and usually prevent AIDS from occurring. Other infections and complications of AIDS can also be treated. That treatment should be tailored to the individual’s individual needs.
Also read in detail about: COndom Use for Male and Female

If you think you have been infected with HIV or are at risk of getting exposed to the virus, see your nearest doctor (AIDS Doctor in Pune) as soon as possible.

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button