If you are a woman, then you must be very familiar with menstruation, but are you also familiar with menopause or menopause? If not, no problem, today we will tell you about menopause in detail. What are these, why do women have menopause, what are its symptoms, and at what age do they start happening. Apart from this, we will provide you detailed information about all these things, what to do during Menopause.
Menopause Meaning in Hindi – Meaning of menopause in Hindi
Menopause Meaning in Hindi- Menopause is known as Rajonivruti in Hindi. Usually a girl starts having menstruation at the age of 12-15 and it continues till the age of about 45-50. Menopause means that you will never menstruate, nor will you ever be able to become a mother. It is not a disease, but you can say that it is a kind of change in women, which affects their body. Although menopause can bring physical discomfort with hot flashes, night sweats, and other symptoms, it can also be the beginning of a new and rewarding phase of a woman’s life — and can lead to a higher risk of heart disease and osteoporosis. Also a golden opportunity to safeguard against health risks. In this article, we will know further what are the causes of menopause and what are its symptoms?
Causes of Menopause in Hindi
Estrogen regulates menstruation, and progesterone prepares a woman’s body for pregnancy. Perimenopause begins when a woman’s ovaries begin to produce less of these two hormones. When a woman reaches the age of 40, her ovaries produce less progesterone and less estrogen. Women experience a decline in fertility even before the onset of any menopausal or perimenopausal symptoms.
Over time, a woman’s ovaries gradually reduce the production of estrogen and progesterone until they are completely gone. After that menstruation stops completely. These changes are gradual in all women, but in some women this does not happen, they keep having periods and stop suddenly. Generally, a woman’s ovary stops making eggs after the age of 45, but it can happen earlier in some people, it is called premature menopause. This can be due to the following reasons-
- enzyme deficiency
- down syndrome
- turner syndrome addison disease
- hypo thyroidism
Symptoms of Menopause in Hindi
Although menopause is not a disease or disorder, it triggers some profound changes in a woman’s body. The diagnosis of menopause is confirmed when a woman no longer has menstrual periods. However, the symptoms of menopause usually appear before the end of that one-year period. Symptoms are as follows-
- loss of menstrual cycle
- hot flashes and night sweats
- low fertility
- heart disease
- emotional changes
- vaginal dryness/infection
- incontinence/urinary tract infection
- decline in sex drive
- Insomnia Meaning in Hindi
- trouble concentrating and remembering
- hair loss
- urinary tract infection
- weight gain
- stiffness in joints
- Hair loss on other parts of the body like face, neck, chest
- pounding heart
Sometimes menopause can lead to the development of complications, which include:
- Cardiovascular disease: Decreased estrogen levels can lead to cardiovascular disease.
- Osteoporosis: A woman can rapidly lose bone density in the first few years after menopause. Low bone density leads to a higher risk of developing osteoporosis.
- Urinary incontinence: Menopause causes the tissues of the vagina and urethra to lose their elasticity. This can result in frequent, sudden, and overwhelming urges to urinate. These urges may be followed by involuntary loss of urine. Women may urinate involuntarily after coughing, sneezing, laughing or lifting during menopause.
- Breast Cancer: Women face a higher risk of breast cancer after menopause. Regular exercise can significantly reduce the risk.
- cataracts: After menopause, women often become victims of Cataract and cataract also often occurs only after the age of 50.
Diagnosis of Menopause in Hindi
Although the symptoms of menopause are enough for a woman to recognize that she is about to enter the stage of menopause, yet if you are worried about your erratic and uncontrollable periods. If you are worried about it, then do consult your doctor once. In some cases, further precautions may be advised. Menopause usually doesn’t require any tests, but in some cases your doctor may order a blood test to check your levels of –
- follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and estrogen (estradiol), Because your FSH levels increase and estradiol levels decrease as menopause occurs.
- thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)because an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism) can cause symptoms similar to menopause.
Apart from this, some tests are also available with the help of which you can check the level of FSH in your urine at home. With the help of this test, you will come to know whether your FSH levels have increased or not and whether you have premenopause or menopause. But, since FSH levels rise and fall during your menstrual cycle, at-home FSH tests may not be accurate enough to tell you whether you’re definitely in menopause. .
Treatment of Menopause in Hindi – Treatment of Menopause in Hindi
Although there is no cure for menopause, but to reduce its symptoms, prevent them and reduce and remove chronic conditions, some treatments are as follows-
Hormone therapy: Estrogen therapy is the best treatment for relieving menopausal hot flashes. Depending on your personal and family history, your doctor may give you a low dose of estrogen for a short period of time until you get relief from your symptoms. In addition, estrogen also makes your bones stronger. But if you take hormone therapy for a long time, then it can make you a victim of heart-related diseases and breast cancer.
Vaginal estrogen: To relieve vaginal dryness, estrogen is injected into the vagina with the help of a vaginal cream, tablet, or ring. This treatment releases only a small amount of estrogen, which is absorbed by the vaginal tissues. Vaginal dryness, discomfort during intercourse and some urinary symptoms can be relieved with the help of this treatment.
Low dose antidepressants: Some antidepressants that belong to the SSRIs class work to provide relief from hot flashes that occur during menopause. These antidepressants are beneficial for women who cannot take hormone therapy due to certain health reasons.
Clonidine: It is available as a tablet or patch that is used to treat high blood pressure or high blood pressure, as well as to relieve hot flashes.
Medicines to prevent or treat osteoporosis: Depending on individual needs, a doctor may recommend medication to prevent or treat osteoporosis. Several medications are available that help reduce bone loss and the risk of fractures. Your doctor may prescribe Vitamin D Rich Foods supplements to help strengthen bones.
Before adopting any treatment, do consult your doctor once and also know about the risks associated with it. Review your options annually, as your needs and treatment options may change. You can also adopt some home remedies for Menopause, but before adopting anything, take the advice of your doctor once.
Also read about it in detail: Know why women get poly cystic ovary disorder (PCOD)
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