Hernia is a very common problem, many times you must have heard people saying that they have hernia or they have had hernia operation. This problem can happen to anyone, male or female. When a person’s abdominal muscles become weak or a defect arises, then there is a problem of Hernia.
In hernia, the muscles of the human stomach become weak and the intestines or any content starts coming out from inside them and goes back when lying down, many times there is difficulty in standing, coughing or doing any other work in hernia. Feels and it gives relief on lying down.
Here we will tell what is hernia, its types, what are the symptoms of hernia and what can be its possible treatment? Let us first know what is hernia.
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What is hernia?
The problem of hernia arises when an organ or muscle or tissue starts coming out of the abdomen with the help of a hole. For example, very often the intestines come out through a hole in the weak abdominal wall. Hernias are most common in the abdomen, but can also occur in the upper thigh, mid-abdomen and groin areas. Its symptoms (Hernia Symptoms in Hindi) are usually not visible but sometimes intense pain is quite common in hernia and from this we can identify that we have hernia problem.
Usually a hernia is not life-threatening, but it does not correct on its own. Sometimes surgery may be needed to prevent or eliminate dangerous complications from a hernia.
Let us know with the help of this article what are the causes, symptoms and treatment of hernia?
due to hernia
Hernias are caused by a combination of muscle weakness and strain. Depending on its cause, a hernia can develop rapidly or over a long period of time.
Common causes of muscle weakness include the following:
- failure of the abdominal wall to close properly in the womb, which is a congenital defect
- chronic cough
- damage from injury or surgery
There are also some factors that put pressure on your body and can cause a hernia, especially if you have weak muscles, including:
- being pregnant, which puts pressure on your belly
- Constipation causes increased straining during your bowel movements
- lifting heavy weights
- having free fluid in the abdomen
- sudden weight gain
- due to surgery
- due to frequent coughing or sneezing
- cystic fibrosis
- enlarged prostate
- straining to urinate
- lifting heavy objects
- peritoneal dialysis
- poor nutrition
- physical exhaustion
- undescended testicles
Also read about it in detail: Normal Delivery Tips in Hindi – What to do for normal delivery?
There are many types of hernia and it can occur in different ways in different humans. We have given below about its different types. Let us know how many types of hernia are there?
types of hernia
There are different types of hernia in both men and women. It is also classified on the basis of that. Hernia has also been divided on the basis of its exit from any organ, let us know how many types are there –
- Inguinal hernia
- umbilical hernia (umbilical)
- pubic hernia (femoral hernia)
- incisional hernia
Inguinal Hernia (Inguinal Hernia)
Inguinal hernia is the most common type of hernia. According to the British Hernia Center (BHC), this type of hernia accounts for 70% of all hernia types. These hernias occur when the intestine pushes through a weak spot in the abdomen or through a tear in the lower abdominal wall, often through the inguinal canal.
The inguinal canal is found in our groin. This type of hernia is more common in men than in women. This is because the human testicles exit the inguinal canal shortly after birth, and the canal has to be almost completely closed. Sometimes, the canal does not close properly and becomes a vulnerable area for hernia to occur.
This type of hernia can occur in babies, and babies as young as 6 months. This happens when their intestines begin to protrude through the abdominal wall near the navel. In this type of hernia, you may notice a bulge in or around your baby’s belly button, especially when they are crying.
Umbilical hernia is the only type that often goes away on its own because the abdominal wall muscles have strengthened, usually by the time a child is 1 year old. If the hernia is true, surgery may be used to repair it.
Pubic Hernia (Femoral – Familial Hernia)
This type of hernia accounts for only 20% of all cases, which are more common in women than in men. This is a very uncommon type of hernia. It sometimes appears on the inner upper part of the thighs or groin. It tends to go back when you lie down, but it can come back when you cough and because of some kind of pain.
This type of hernia can occur after abdominal surgery. Your intestines may come out and through the incision scar or the surrounding, weaker tissue.
Read in detail about the types and treatment of hernia in English: Hernia: Types & Causes
Symptoms of Hernia
In many cases, a hernia is a painless small bulge that doesn’t seem like a problem and doesn’t require immediate medical attention. However, hernias can sometimes cause discomfort and pain, with pain often becoming a symptom when standing, straining, or lifting heavy objects. Most people who notice this type of bulge or bulge eventually see a hernia doctor.
In some cases, a hernia requires immediate surgery, for example, when part of the intestine becomes obstructed or unstuck by an inguinal hernia. If an inguinal hernia is accompanied by all of the following problems, severe abdominal pain Immediate medical attention should be sought if complaints of –
- Nausea Meaning in Hindi
- the bulge cannot be pushed back into the stomach
In all these cases the swelling is usually hard and soft and cannot be pushed back into the stomach.
Whether or not you need hernia treatment depends on the size of your hernia and your symptoms. Your doctor will diagnose your hernia depending on the severity of your symptoms. Following are the options for the treatment of hernia –
- Lifestyle Changes (Change in Lifestyle)
- with the help of drugs
Lifestyle Changes (Change in Lifestyle)
You can treat the symptoms of a hiatal hernia by making dietary changes, but it won’t go away forever. Avoid eating too much and heavy food, do not lie down or sleep immediately after eating, and maintain your body weight. Certain types of exercise help strengthen the muscles around the hernia site, which may reduce some of the hernia symptoms.
However, doing exercises incorrectly can increase the pressure in that area and actually cause the hernia to grow further. For this, it is important to consult your doctor about which exercise to do and which not.
If these changes don’t give you relief, you may need surgery. Apart from this, you can improve hernia symptoms by avoiding certain foods that cause acidity or heartburn. Apart from this, you can also avoid acid reflux by leaving cigarettes.
with the help of drugs
If you have a hiatal hernia, over-the-counter and prescription medications that reduce stomach acid may relieve your discomfort and improve symptoms.
If your hernia continues to grow or become increasingly painful, your doctor can decide how best to repair it. To correct the hernia, during surgery, your doctor may stitch up the hole in the abdominal wall. This is usually done by patching the hole with surgical mesh.
Hernias are corrected with open or laparoscopic surgery. Laparoscopic surgery uses only a small camera and a few small surgical instruments. Laparoscopic surgery is less damaging to the surrounding tissue.
If hernia is treated with open surgery, it may take a long time to heal. You may not be able to move normally for about six weeks after the operation. Laparoscopic surgery has a shorter recovery time, but has a higher risk of the hernia coming back.
You can’t always prevent muscle weakness. However, you can reduce the stress on your body. This can help you avoid a hernia or prevent an existing hernia from getting worse. To prevent this, you can do these measures –
- don’t smoke
- See your doctor right away if you have a persistent cough or feel sick
- Keep Your Weight Right for a Healthy Body
- avoiding straining during bowel movements or urination
- lift objects from your knees, not your back
- avoid lifting heavy weights
It is very important to recognize the early signs and symptoms of hernia. Hernia will not go away on its own if it is not treated. However, by getting early medical care or making lifestyle changes, you can feel better and avoid its deadly complications.
Know the total cost of hernia surgery in Delhi NCR and list of best hospitals
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