There are many viruses spread in the environment around us, which can prove to be very harmful for our health. If we talk about infections and diseases that spread through the air, common flu is the most common, as well as chicken pox, measles, mumps, etc., are also very dangerous. In this article, we will tell about Measles which is also known as Khasra (Measles Meaning in Hindi).
There was a time when the measles virus was eradicated but due to the rise of the anti-vaccine movement, measles has spread quickly and easily. Now it has spread in many countries of the world, which is especially fatal for small children and children up to the age of 15 years. Let us know the meaning of Measles, causes, symptoms and how to treat it.
What is Measles and Rubella? What is Measles Meaning in Hindi and Measles Rubella
Measles is a highly virulent disease that can spread rapidly, caused by viruses of the Paramyxovirus family through direct contact or through respiratory droplets from an infected person’s cough or sneeze. It infects the respiratory tract and then the rest of the body with symptoms appearing 10-12 days after infection. These include high fever, rash, cough, runny nose, and red and watery eyes. It can cause complications such as blindness, encephalitis, severe diarrhea or diarrhea, and severe respiratory infections, including pneumonia. If the patient’s immune system is weak, then the death of the patient can also occur due to measles. The risk of this disease is highest in children under 5 years of age. However, it only affects humans and not animals.
Once exposed to measles, that person acquires immunity to measles for the rest of his life. The chances of getting measles again in that person’s life are almost nil.
Rubella or German measles is also a contagious but slightly less viral disease that affects children and young adults. Symptoms include rash, mild fever, nausea and conjunctivitis. Rubella itself is not a high-risk infection, but measles rubella infection during pregnancy can pose a serious risk to the fetus because in 90% of cases, the virus is transmitted to the fetus. This can result in miscarriage, or congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) in the baby. CRS can cause deafness, disability, heart defects, autism, and other birth defects in the baby. According to WHO, about 40,000 babies are born with birth defects due to CRS every year in India.
Measles symptoms of
Fever is common in the symptoms of measles or measles, as well as cough, runny nose, or conjunctivitis, one of these three symptoms can appear. Generally, the symptoms of measles begin to appear after 9 to 11 days after infection. Let us know what are its symptoms-
- running nose
- dry cough
- conjunctivitis, eye flu, swollen eyelids
- burning and watering of the eyes
- trouble with light
- red and brown rash
- Koplik spots, or blisters on the inside of the mouth, cheeks, or throat
- generalized body aches
- swollen glands
- headache problem
- loss of appetite
- fatigue and dizziness
There is often fever in this. It can range from mild to severe as high as 40.6 degree centigrade. It can also last for several days, and it can be more or less when the rash appears.
Most childhood rashes are not measles, but a child should still see a doctor if:
- The parent suspects the child may have measles
- symptoms do not improve, or they get worse
- fever higher than 38º centigrade (ºC) or 100.4º Fahrenheit (ºF)
- other symptoms go away, but fever persists
types of measles
There are mainly 2 types of Measles, which are as follows-
Measles: This is the standard form of measles, caused by the rubella virus.
Rubella, or German measles: It is caused by the rubella virus. It is not usually fatal, but it can be more dangerous to unborn babies than to young children if a woman is exposed to the virus while she is pregnant.
It is neither contagious nor as serious as standard measles.
due to measles
Measles or measles is caused by infection with the rubella virus. The virus lives in the mucus in the nose and throat of an infected child or adult. The disease is most contagious about 4 days before the rash appears, and remains contagious for about 4 to 5 days.
This infection spreads through:
- coming in contact with an infected person
- if they cough or sneeze when they are near infected people
- touching a surface that has droplets of mucus from an infected person and then putting fingers in the mouth, or rubbing the nose or eyes
Treatment for Measles
There is no specific treatment for measles. If there are no complications, the doctor will recommend rest and plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration. Its symptoms usually go away within 7 to 10 days.
Apart from this, the following remedies can help in its treatment:
- If your child’s temperature is very high, try to lower his body temperature, but keep in mind that the temperature should not be too low.
- Tylenol or ibuprofen can help control fever and pain. Children under the age of 16 should not take aspirin.
- People should not smoke near the baby.
- Wearing sunglasses, dim lighting or keeping the room dark can provide comfort to the patient, as measles increases sensitivity to light.
- If tightness occurs around the eyes, gently wipe with a warm and damp cloth.
- Cough medicine does not give relief from measles cough. Keeping a humidifier or a bowl of water in the room can help with this. If the child is over 12 months, a glass of warm water mixed with one teaspoon of lemon juice and two teaspoons of honey may provide relief. Do not give honey to infants.
- A fever can lead to dehydration, so the child should be drinking plenty of fluids.
- A child who is contagious should be kept away from school and avoid close contact with others, especially those who have not been vaccinated or have never had measles.
- Vitamin A deficiency and children under 2 years of age who have measles may benefit from vitamin A supplements. These can help prevent complications, but these supplements should only be taken after a doctor’s advice.
- Antibiotics do not help against the measles virus, but they can sometimes be taken if an additional bacterial infection develops.
prevention of measles
People who have had measles once in their lifetime usually become immune to it, and they do not get it again. People who are not immune to it should consider getting the measles vaccine.
vaccination for measles
- MMR vaccination is given to prevent measles, which is effective for all three (measles, mumps and rubella). The MMR vaccine is routinely given to a child between 12 and 15 months of age, as well as a booster shot before the child goes to school between the ages of 4 and 6.
- Although a child is protected for a few months after birth because of its mother’s immunity, and this is possible only if its mother is immunized. But sometimes vaccination is recommended even before 12 months, or at 6 months of age or even earlier if they live in an area where measles is prevalent.
- According to a WHO report, the MMR vaccine has reduced measles deaths by about 79%.
What to eat in Measles?
Its side effects can be prevented by following a healthy diet in Measles. During the acute phase, following a fruit diet will provide essential nutrients. In the convalescence phase, when the patient’s temperature reaches a normal level, eat healthy foods. Include drinking about 8 glasses of water in measles diet, along with other fluids like lemon juice water, barley juice, orange juice, coconut water. Apart from this, include the following diet-
- Foods rich in Vitamin C like oranges, and grapefruit
- Products rich in Vitamin A like spinach, green leafy vegetables, etc.
- Avoid food containing greasy food, fat and refined items.
- Not consuming caffeinated and sweetened beverages like coffee and cold drinks.
- By boiling a little ginger, two-three leaves of tulsi (basil) and mint leaves in half a cup of water, drinking this mixture can improve immunity.