If you have ever had athlete’s foot or yeast infection, then you must be aware of fungal infection, as these are the same type of fungal infection. Many types of fungi live in the environment around us, some of them also live on our body without causing any harm. Mushrooms, molds and mildew are examples of this. Fungi live everywhere in the air, in the soil, on plants, and in water. Some even live in the human body.
If we talk about whether fungus or fungus is harmful or not, then let us tell you here that – not all types of fungi are harmful. Some tiny fungi reproduce through tiny spores in the air. These tiny spores often enter our body through the air we breathe and make us infected. You are more likely to get a fungal infection if you have a weak immune system or take antibiotics. Let us know what is fungal infection? Its causes and remedies.
Fungal Infection in Hindi – What is fungal infection?
Fungal infection is quite common. In humans, fungal infection occurs when fungus directly invades your body if your immune system is not strong enough to protect you from that infection. This is an infection that is caused by many types of fungus or fungus on the body, in which dermatophytes and yeast are prominent. Fungus thrives in dead keratin and gradually spreads in places of our body where there is little moisture. Such as – the part between the toes, heels, nails, genitals, breasts, etc.
Fungi can be difficult to kill. Like many microbes, some fungi are helpful to our bodies and some are harmful. When harmful fungi invade our bodies, they can be difficult to kill, as they can survive in the environment and re-infect the person. For skin and nail infections, you can apply the medicine directly to the infected area. Oral antifungal medications are also available for severe infections. “Let us know what can be the symptoms and causes of fungal infection –
due to fungal infection
- Body chemistry and lifestyle can increase the risk of fungal infections. For example, if you are an athlete or if you sweat a lot, you may experience many of the symptoms of a fungal infection called athlete’s foot.
- Fungus often thrives in warm, moist environments.
- Wearing sweaty or wet clothing is also a risk factor for your skin infection.
- A cut or tear in the skin can also allow bacteria to enter the deeper layers of the skin and cause various infections.
- non-compliance with personal hygiene
- sweating profusely
- wearing tight clothes, shoes
- taking antibiotics
- weak immune system
Read more: Immunity Meaning In Hindi – Meaning of immunity and how to increase it
Symptoms of Fungal Infection
Although the symptoms of fungal infection depend on its type, some common symptoms are as follows:
- skin changes, including redness and possibly crusting or peeling of the skin
Read below to learn more about some common types of fungal infections, their symptoms, and treatment options.
types of fungal infection
Here are some of the more common fungal and yeast infections that people experience –
Tinea versicolor is also known as pityriasis versicolor. It is a fungal infection in the epidermis, the topmost layer of the skin. Tinea versicolor, which is responsible for this type of infection, is often very high in oily skin, due to which this type of infection is more common in adults than in the elderly. Treatment is available for tinea versicolor, but the infection often comes back. But, this infection does not cause any kind of pain or itching.
If your symptoms are not severe, you can treat this fungal infection at home. Using OTC antifungal creams or shampoos can be effective for treating this infection. if you tinea versicolor If you want to seek medical treatment for psoriasis, your doctor can prescribe various medications, such as topical creams that can be applied directly to the skin.
jock itch (a type of ringworm)
Jock itch, also known as tinea cruris, is a fungal infection of the skin mainly in the groin. As we mentioned, fungus thrives in warm, moist environments – and there is moisture around the groin. Jock itch is usually more in women, while in men this infection is negligible. As the name suggests, the main symptom of this infection is severe itching.
It usually clears up quickly with over-the-counter fungal infection creams. To prevent jock itch, the groin should be kept as dry as possible and antifungal powder should be used, sometimes every day. If the infection does not clear up with antifungal cream within a week or two, a doctor should be seen immediately.
Athlete’s foot, or tinea pedis, is a common fungal infection of the feet. Since this infection is very common in athletes/runners, it is called athlete’s foot. Athlete’s foot is an infection between the toes. This infection causes intense itching and breaks down the skin, so it often looks like a white fungus between the toes.
Athlete’s foot is usually treated with creams or lotions, but sometimes severe cases require oral antifungal medication. You can also use hydrogen peroxide. Yes, it kills the fungus from the root of the skin of the feet.
shingles or ringworm
Ringworm, also known as tinea corporis, is a common fungal infection of the skin. There are many fungi that can cause ringworm and they live in the epidermis. Ringworm causes more symptoms than tinea versicolor, such as itching and a noticeable red rash. The rash is often a scaly, red patch and a raised rash that gradually enlarges. Their size is the reason for their diagnosis.
Ringworm is easily treated with topical antifungal medication. In most cases, you will need to use these medicines on your skin for about 2 to 4 weeks to make sure the fungal infection is gone. This will also reduce the chances of herpes coming back.
ringworm of the scalp
Ringworm of the scalp, also known as tinea capitis, is a more severe fungal infection than ringworm that also appears on other areas of the skin. The fungi that cause this ringworm not only infect the skin of the scalp, but also spread to the hair follicles. Because of which it can also cause hair fall, and the hair falls from that place and leaves a bald spot with a ringworm-like rash there.
Tinea capitis cannot be treated with topical creams. It has to be treated with oral antifungal drugs. Antifungal medications taken by mouth are used to treat ringworm of the scalp. Commonly used medications for this include griseofulvin (Gris-Peg) and terbinafine (Lamisil). Your child may need to take one of these medicines for six weeks or longer.
Read More: Causes for Hair Loss in Women
Fungal infection in the nail
This type of nail infection, also known as onychomycosis, is caused by a fungal infection of the toenail area. As the nail grows, it becomes brittle, then thickens and separates from the nail. goes.
Oral antifungal medications are also used to treat fungal nails. Even creams and lotions do not help in its treatment.
Fungal skin infection treatment
There are many treatments available to help you kill the fungal infection and recover faster. The treatment that you receive depends on the type and severity of fungal skin infection that you are suffering from. For example, tinea capitis may require a medicated shampoo to be applied every two or three days, while ringworm anywhere on the body may require a topical cream to be applied several times each day.
Read more: Fungal Skin Infections
Most fungal skin infections can be treated with over-the-counter or prescription creams. If you are suffering from severe fungal infection then it may require additional methods. Taking precautions is the best way to avoid fungal skin infection. The best option is to notify a doctor at the earliest signs of a skin infection to avoid potentially serious complications. With the help of a doctor, most cases of fungal skin infection can be easily treated.