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Cataract Meaning in Hindi – Know about Cataract

Our growing age can make us a victim of many diseases, with increasing age there can be many problems like joint problems, bending in the body, low vision, Cataract meaning in Hindi is one of them. If you are 60 years of age or older and you cannot see properly or everything is blurry then you may have cataract.

This problem is very common in aged people. But you can get its treatment done by an eye doctor. Here in this article, we will tell for what reasons you can get cataract and how to treat it.

Cataract Meaning in Hindi

Cataract is known in Hindi as Cataract or Cataract which is a very common problem related to the eyes. In cataract, there is a kind of blurriness on the lens of the eye. Cataracts occur when clumps of protein build up in your eye and prevent the lens of the eye from sending any images to the retina. Our retina converts the light coming from the lens into signals and, it sends signals to the optic nerve which takes them to our brain and we can easily identify the object.

Cataract develops slowly and impairs our vision or power to see. Cataract can affect one eye or both of your eyes, but it is not necessary that it will happen in both eyes at the same time or leave the same effect. As we have already told that it is more common in people of 50-60 years of age or older. Not only in our country but people all over the world easily fall prey to this disease. According to the National Eye Institute, more than half of people in the United States (USA) have cataracts or have had surgery for cataracts by the age of 80.

types of cataracts

Cataracts often occur with aging but this is not always the case. It can happen from the time of your birth, because of an injury or because of some other health problem. If we talk about the types of cataract, then it can be of many types, the type of cataract depends to a large extent on how and how fast it is developing. There are many different types of cataracts, but they all have one thing in common: a clouding of the lens of the eye that makes it difficult to see clearly. As Cataract develops, the difficulty in seeing increases. Some types of cataract are given below according to the way it develops-

  1. Nuclear Cataract: Nuclear cataracts develop in the middle of the lens and cause the nucleus, or center, to turn yellow or brown. This type of cataract, also called nuclear sclerotic cataract, is the one most commonly seen by doctors.
  2. Cortical Cataract: Cortical cataracts are wedge-shaped and form around the edges of the nucleus, which is called the cortex. If you have this type of cataract, it may be difficult for you to drive at night. At times you may find it difficult to distinguish similar colors or to decide how far away an object is.
  3. Posterior Capsular Cataract: Posterior capsular cataract progresses much more rapidly than the other two types and affects the back part of the lens. It is at the back of the lens, where the light enters the lens. This type affects your close-up vision and makes it difficult to see in bright light.
  4. Congestive Cataract: This type of cataract occurs from the time of birth of the child or develops in the first year of birth, this type of cataract is very rarely seen. The reason for getting this type of cataract is linked to your genes or because of a type of disease known as rubella (the mother gets it during pregnancy).
  5. Secondary Cataract: When cataract occurs due to some other disease, it is called secondary cataract or secondary cataract. This type of cataract can be caused by glaucoma and diabetes. Apart from this, cataract can also occur due to steroid prednisone and any other medicine.
  6. Traumatic Cataract: Many types of injuries can cause this type of cataract. You can get this type of cataract if your eye is hit by a ball, burned, or injured by a chemical or splinter.
  7. Radiation Cataract: You may not know but your eyes should also be protected from the UV rays of the sun. Too many times if you spend time in the hot sun without any protection, you can still be a victim of cataract. Apart from this, radiation cataract can occur after a person has undergone radiation treatment for cancer.

Cataract in India

Cataract is considered to be the biggest cause of bilateral blindness in India. About 63% of India’s population has become a victim of cataract. In 1980, the number of cataract surgeries was around 18 million, which has increased to around 38 million in 2003. According to a 2017 report, about 0.8 crore people in India are blind and 5.4 crore are visually impaired. Out of which 80-90% blindness is avoidable and more than 90% of it is seen in people above 50 years of age.

due to cataract

Cataracts develop when clumps of protein build up on the lens of your eyes, causing everything to appear blurry. This prevents light from passing through clearly. In most conditions it can cause you to lose some of your vision. There are many underlying causes of cataracts, these include:

Some other things that can increase the chances of cataracts include cigarette smoke, air pollution, and drinking too much alcohol.

symptoms of cataracts

If you have started to see less with age, do not take it lightly. Blurring of your vision may be a sign that you have cataracts. Glaucoma or Cataract is not painful nor does it have any specific symptoms. You realize cataract when your vision becomes blurred or an object does not appear as it should. Some of its main symptoms are as follows-

  • poor night vision
  • sensitivity to light
  • halo of light around light
  • Overlapping vision of 2 objects (double vision).
  • blurred vision
  • needing more light for reading and other activities
  • poor color vision

Cataract Aggravating Factors

Factors that increase cataracts include the following:

  • growing old
  • diabetes
  • exposure to sunlight
  • smoking
  • obesity
  • high blood pressure
  • any chronic eye injury or inflammation
  • any previous eye surgery
  • long-term use of corticosteroid drugs
  • Alcoholic Liver Disease Meaning in Hindi

Cataract diagnosis

Your doctor will do a comprehensive eye exam to test for cataracts and check your vision. In this, your doctor will draw up a chart to check your vision at different distances and tonometry to measure your eye pressure and then check it.

The most common tonometry test uses a painless, puff of air to flatten your cornea and test your eye pressure. Your doctor will put a few drops of medicine in your eye to enlarge the pupil of your eye. This makes it easy to examine the optic nerve and retina at the back of your eye and see if there is any injury.

In addition, your doctor will test your sensitivity to light and color vision to check for cataracts.

cataract treatment

If you don’t want to have surgery, your doctor can help you manage your symptoms. They may recommend wearing strong glasses, magnifying or magnifying lenses, or sunglasses with anti-glare coating.

If you have trouble reading, you can use a brighter light. If you have trouble with excessive brightness, then you can use anti glare glass for that which will also help you in driving at night.

When your vision problems get in the way of your daily routine – especially if you drive – it’s time to talk to your doctor about surgery. Know Cataract Surgery Cost in Delhi NCR and get your Cataract or Cataract surgery done.

surgery for cataract

Surgery is needed when you have a lot of trouble with daily activities, such as reading or driving. It is also done when cataracts interfere with treatment for other eye problems.

Phacoemulsification Surgery: Phacoemulsification uses ultrasound waves to break apart the lens and remove the fragments.

Extracapsular surgery: In this type of surgery, the cloudy part of the lens is removed through a long incision in the cornea. After surgery, an artificial intraocular lens is placed where the natural lens was.

Surgery to remove cataracts is generally very safe and has a high success rate. Most people can go home the same day they have their surgery.

Also read in detail about: Eye Flu and Glaucoma in Hindi

Cataracts can interfere with daily activities and can lead to blindness if left untreated. Although some types of cataract stop growing, they do not reduce on their own. According to the National Eye Institute, surgical treatment of cataracts is a very common procedure for their removal and is about 90% effective.

Know Cataract Operation Cost and List of Hospitals in Delhi NCR

Book an appointment with your nearest Ophthalmologist for Cataracts or any other eye problem today and for more information and free personalized guidance, click here to speak to Credihealth medical experts.

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