Read here to know more about Menstrual Cycle: When a teenage boy or girl is about to enter their puberty, there is a change in their body process, due to these changes the child’s body becomes capable of becoming an adult. . These physical changes in girls come in the form of menstruation and other body processes which is a normal change. It is through the process of menstruation that women prepare themselves for a possible pregnancy. Menstruation is part of the menstrual cycle (regular cycle of hormones) in the female reproductive system that makes pregnancy possible.
Menstruation usually lasts for 3-5 days and usually comes at an interval of 28 to 35 days. In this article, we will know what menstruation is, its symptoms, when it starts and when it ends, as well as how long periods last and what problems can arise related to it.
What should be known about menstruation (monthly periods)?
Medical definition of menstruation
Medically, menstruation (also called period or bleeding), is a process in women characterized by a cyclical discharge of blood, and tissue debris, from the uterus through the vagina at approximately monthly intervals. discharge takes place. This process indicates that the woman is not pregnant and is thought to represent a re-involution of the uterus after the proliferative changes accompanying the preceding ovulation. Menstruation is usually a monthly interval from puberty in a woman until menopause (the end of regular menstrual cycles).
Menstruation, also known as menstruation, periods, menstruation, MC is the most important process in any of the physiological processes of a woman. Due to this process it becomes possible for a woman to conceive. It usually starts during the age of 8 to 17 years. Normally menstruation starts at the age of 11 to 13 years of a girl and lasts for about 3 to 5 days or 2 to 7 days.
The time between two periods is called the menstrual cycle. As a normal part of the menstrual cycle, a woman has vaginal bleeding once a month. It is also known as a period. During this cycle, a woman’s hormones cause the uterine lining to thicken, preparing for pregnancy. The hormone itself causes the release of an egg from the woman’s ovaries, which is known as ovulation. Your periods may be light or heavy, and the blood may range from bright red to dark brown. Sometimes you can also see small blood clots during bleeding.
Menstrual Cycle Process
The menstrual cycle consists of several phases. The exact timing of cycle phases can be slightly different from woman to woman and can even change over time for any one woman.
15 days: Day 1 of the cycle is considered the first day of menstrual bleeding. Your period can last anywhere from 3 to 8 days, but the average is only 5 days. Bleeding is usually heaviest in the first 2 days.
6 -14 days: By about the sixth day the bleeding has stopped, the lining of the uterus (also known as the endometrium) begins to prepare for the possibility of pregnancy. Gradually the uterine lining thickens and becomes rich in blood and nutrients.
14 – 25 days: Around day 14, one by one each egg is released from a woman’s ovary and begins its journey through the fallopian tubes to the uterus. If sperm are present in the fallopian tubes at this time, fertilization can occur. When this happens, the fertilized egg will travel to the uterus and try to implant in the uterine wall.
25 – 28 days: If the egg is not fertilized or implantation does not occur, hormonal changes signal the uterus to shed its lining, and the egg breaks down and is shed along with the lining. After this the cycle starts again.
Apart from bleeding, some women experience some specific symptoms during menstruation, these symptoms can also appear during or after menstruation and it is also not necessary that every woman experiences these symptoms-
- stomach cramps
- lower abdominal pain
- abdominal swelling
- constipation before periods
- mood swings
- Abdominal distension
- lack of food
- breast pain
When do menstruation begin and when do they end?
When do they start: The average age at which menstruation starts for a girl is 12. This does not mean that all girls start menstruating at the same age. The onset of menstruation completely depends on the physical development of the girl. A girl can start menstruating anytime between the ages of 8 and 17. Mostly when a girl’s breasts start to grow, periods start about 2 years after that. If a girl hasn’t started menstruating by the age of 15, or if it’s been more than 2 to 3 years since breast development started, she should see a doctor.
During menstruation, the thick lining of the uterus and excess blood are shed through the vagina. Your periods may not be the same every month. It may also be different from other women’s periods. Periods can be light, moderate or heavy in relation to how much blood is released from the vagina. This is called menstrual flow. The duration of periods also varies from month to month. Most periods last for 3 to 5 days. But, it can be any number of days from 2 to 7 days.
When do they end: Women usually have menstrual periods till the menopause. Menopause usually occurs around the age of 50, or between the ages of 45 and 55. Menopause means that a woman can no longer ovulate (not produce eggs) or can no longer become pregnant. Like menstruation, menopause can vary from woman to woman, and these changes can occur over many years.
When menstruation starts and for the first few years, it is very common to have longer cycles of periods. But with increasing age, it becomes regular and the menstrual cycle becomes shorter. Most of the time, a woman’s periods are in the range of 21 to 35 days.
Periods stop during pregnancy and while breastfeeding. In some women, periods stop due to prolonged illness, low body weight, stress, too much exercise and hormonal problems. Also some medicines, like contraceptives, can stop your period. This may be helpful for some women, especially if their periods are heavy or painful. Sometimes after stopping the pill or other contraceptive medicine, it can take a while for your periods to start again. Menstrual periods stop completely when women reach menopause – the average age of which is 51-52 years.
How long does the menstrual cycle last?
The menstrual cycle is a hormonally driven cycle. Day 1 is the first day of your menstrual cycle (bleeding), while day 14 is the estimated day you ovulate and if the egg is not fertilized, hormone levels finally drop around day 25 And the egg starts to dissolve in the lining of the uterus and after about 28 or 30 days the cycle starts again. Most often your periods vary somewhat, their flow can be light, moderate or heavy and can vary in length from about 2 to 7 days; With age, cycles usually shorten and become more regular.
Treatment for menstrual symptoms and pain
Many women suffer from various problems like menstrual pain and abdominal cramps in the absence of some physical abnormalities. In case of painful periods, it is better to consult a doctor to make sure that there are no serious health problems. If there are no complications, a properly selected diet and vitamins can help get rid of pain during menstruation. Some home remedies for these symptoms of periods are given below –
- Treatment for the causes of menstrual pain depends on what is causing it, such as birth control pills, heavy or prolonged periods, IUDs, noninflammatory steroid drugs (NSAIDs) for pain, ibuprofen ( Advil), aspirin, and over the counter medications (OTCs) may be beneficial for relieving pain and cramps.
- You can also drink herbal tea to reduce menstrual cramps, pain and headache. It will give you relief from menstrual pain.
- You can also use a hot water bottle or heating pad to get relief from pain and cramps.
- Apart from this, problems like abdominal pain, headache, flatulence, cramps, etc. occurring during periods can be relieved by using acupuncture therapy.
Also Read: 5 Easy Ways To Get Rid Of Menstrual Cramps
Problems related to menstruation and menstrual cycle
You might not be aware that your menstrual cycle can tell you a lot about your health. Generally it is a normal process but sometimes due to some physiological changes and nutrients some problems also arise from it. Some of these problems are as follows-
- heavy bleeding in periods
- period pain (also called dysmenorrhea)
- unpredictable or irregular periods
- premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
All these problems can make some women feel irritable and depressed and can cause abdominal bloating, loose breasts and pain.
When to visit the doctor for problems related to menstrual cycle?
It is not necessary that there should not be any problem during your menstruation or menstrual cycle, if you are facing any of the above mentioned problems, see your nearest gynecologist today or consult your doctor about your period if you have any of these problems. talk to:
- When menstruation does not start till the age of 15 years
- You haven’t started menstruating within 3 years after breast growth started, or your breasts haven’t started growing by age 13.
- periods have suddenly stopped for 90 days or longer
- irregular periods
- periods more often than every 21 days or less often than every 35 days
- Bleeding for more than 7 days
- heavy bleeding or using more than 1 pad or tampon every 1 to 2 hours
- bleeding during menstrual cycle
- severe pain during menstruation
- you suddenly develop a fever or feel sick after using a tampon
How often to change pads/tampons? menstrual hygiene
It is very important to take special care of hygiene during menstruation, it can prove to be an important step to prevent your health and other diseases. Even today, how many women in India use cloth, leaves and other disparate substances during menstruation. This not only restricts them to stay at home but also affects their health. Here are some tips that every woman should follow to maintain menstrual hygiene-
- You should change a pad before it gets soaked with blood
- You should change tampons or pads at least every 4 to 8 hours
- use the lowest absorbency tampon for your flow
- If you use a reusable pad, clean it thoroughly and use it.
- keep the vagina and surrounding area clean
- Never use two pads at once
- wear comfortable and clean underwear
Also Read: Top 7 Menstrual Hygiene Management Tips Women Should Follow
Regular tampons should be used if there is light bleeding during menstruation. Super absorbent tampons should not be used on days of mild care, as their use may increase the risk of toxic shock syndrome in young women. TSS is a rare syndrome but it can sometimes be fatal.
Young women are more likely to get TSS. Using tampons of any type can put you at greater risk for TSS than using pads. Keep the following things in mind while using tampons-
- Follow the directions on the package of the tampon
- use low absorbency tampons
- Change tampon in 4 to 8 hours
- use both tampons and pads
Read about menstrual cycle in English: Menstrual Cycle – How Does It Affect Your Health?
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