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Metabolism Meaning in Hindi | Know what is the meaning of metabolism or metabolism

Metabolism Meaning in Hindi: The process of metabolism or metabolism converts food into energy which provides fuel to our cells. Our metabolic rate is affected by a variety of factors, including age, gender, weight, physical activity and health problems. Let us understand what is meant by metabolism in the following table.


Every cell in your body needs energy—whether it’s delivering nutrients to your brain, pumping oxygen from your lungs to your muscles, or building white blood cells deep in your bone marrow. This energy comes from the calories in the food you eat. Metabolism is the name for your body’s system that converts calories into energy (also known as blood sugar).

how metabolism works

Hormones and the nervous system control our metabolism. When we consume food, digestive enzymes break down carbohydrates, fats and proteins into a form that the body can use for growth or energy.

During metabolism, two activities take place at the same time – the building of body tissues and the storage of energy, or anabolism and catabolism. Metabolism is a balancing act of these processes:

  • anabolism Process in which energy is used for the growth of new cells and to maintain the tissues of our body, and the energy is stored as fat
  • catabolism Energy-releasing process where larger molecules from our food, such as carbohydrates, fats and proteins, are broken down into smaller molecules to provide immediate energy for the body. This energy provides fuel for processes such as heating the body and allows our muscles to move.

Basal Metabolic Rate (B-M-R)

B-M-R is the amount of energy expended during rest. To some extent, your BMR is genetically determined, but it can also be affected by certain health problems and physical activity.

You burn more energy when you exercise. Being physically fit increases your BMR because the more muscle and less fat we have, the higher our metabolic rate. (Muscle requires more energy to function than fat.)

Other factors that affect our BMR include:

  • Age – As we get older our bodies gain fat and lose muscle, so our BMR slows
  • body shape – older adults have a larger BMR
  • Development – Infants and children have high energy demands
  • sex Women have a faster metabolism than men because of their greater muscle mass.
  • Temperature – Extremes of high or low temperature burn more fuel.
  • Abstinence – During extreme dieting our BMR slows down to conserve energy
  • Drugs Certain drugs, such as caffeine, can increase BMR.

Also read: Diarrhea Meaning in Hindi & Avocado meaning in Hindi.

metabolism in hindi - hypothyroidism - metabolism meaning in hindi

Metabolic disorders are generally classified according to the type of food that cannot be broken down properly.

  • Phenylketonuria (PKU)Is the most common diagnosis and occurs when the body cannot convert phenylalanine to tyrosine.
  • fructose intoleranceOccurs when the body cannot break down fructose.
  • galactosemia: Occurs when the body is unable to convert the carbohydrate galactose into glucose.

When properly treated and managed with a strict diet plan, people with metabolic disorders will progress to lead a normal life.

Hormonal disorders can also cause metabolic problems. They are usually associated with the thyroid (read also: thyroid symptoms) – the gland responsible for releasing hormones that regulate several metabolic processes. Common disorders include:

In case of thyroid problems contact your doctor immediately or consult the nearest endocrinologist today.

Read also: Benefits and disadvantages of green tea – Green Tea Ke Fayde Or Nuksan

Metabolism describes the chemical reactions of the body that are important for keeping us alive. (Also Read: Foods To Increase Metabolism)

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